Cryptocurrency: the Fintech disruptor

Blockchains, side chains, mining: the terminology of the clandestine world of cryptocurrency continues to accumulate minutes. While it seems unreasonable to introduce new financial terms in an already complicated world of finance, cryptocurrencies offer a much-needed solution to one of the biggest hassles in today’s money market: the security of transactions in a digital world. Cryptocurrency is a decisive and disruptive innovation in the moving world of fine technology, a relevant response to the need for a secure medium of exchange in the days of virtual transaction. At a time when bids are just numbers and numbers, cryptocurrency proposes to do exactly that.

In the most rudimentary form of the term, cryptocurrency is a proof of alternative virtual currency concept that promises secure and anonymous transactions through peer-to-peer online mesh networks. The wrong name is more a property than a real currency. Unlike everyday money, cryptocurrency models operate without a central authority, as a decentralized digital mechanism. In a distributed cryptocurrency mechanism, money is issued, managed and backed by the peer network of the collective community, whose ongoing activity is known as mining on a partner’s machine. Successful miners also receive coins to thank for their time and resources used. Once used, the transaction information is issued to a publicly blocked network block chain, preventing each currency from being spent twice by the same user. The blockchain can be considered as the cash register. The coins are secured behind a password-protected digital wallet that represents the user.

The supply of coins to the world of digital currencies is decided in advance, free of manipulation, by any individual, organization, government entity and financial institution. The cryptocurrency system is known for its speed, as transaction activities through digital wallets can materialize funds in a matter of minutes, compared to the traditional banking system. It is also largely irreversible by design, further reinforcing the idea of ​​anonymity and eliminating any other possibility of tracing the money to its original owner. Unfortunately, prominent features (speed, security, and anonymity) have also made cryptocurrencies the mode of transaction for many illegal businesses.

Like the real world money market, exchange rates fluctuate in the digital currency ecosystem. Due to the finite amount of coins, as the demand for foreign currency increases, the coins inflate in value. Bitcoin is the largest and most successful cryptocurrency to date, with a market capitalization of $ 15.3 billion, capturing 37.6% of the market and is currently priced at $ 8,997.31. Bitcoin hit the foreign exchange market in December 2017 by trading at $ 19,783.21 per currency, before facing the sudden fall of 2018. The fall is due in part to the rise of alternative digital currencies such as Ethereum, NPCcoin, Ripple, EOS, Litecoin and MintChip.

Due to the coded limits on their supply, cryptocurrencies are considered to follow the same economic principles as gold: price is determined by limited supply and fluctuations in demand. With the constant fluctuations in exchange rates, its sustainability remains to be seen. Consequently, investing in virtual currencies is currently more speculative than an everyday money market.

After the industrial revolution, this digital currency is an indispensable part of the technological interruption. From the point of view of a casual observer, this increase may seem at once exciting, threatening, and mysterious. While some economists remain skeptical, others see it as a lightning revolution in the monetary industry. Conservatively, digital currencies will displace about a quarter of the national currencies of developed countries by 2030. This has already created a new asset class alongside the traditional global economy and a new set of investment vehicles will come. of cryptocurrency in the coming years. Recently, it is possible that Bitcoin has bathed to focus on other cryptocurrencies. But this does not indicate any blocking of the cryptocurrency itself. While some financial advisers emphasize the role of governments in repressing the underground world to regulate the central governance mechanism, others insist on continuing the current free flow. The more popular cryptocurrencies are, the more they attract control and regulation, a common paradox that alters the digital note and erodes the main purpose of its existence. In any case, the lack of intermediaries and supervision makes it extraordinarily attractive to investors and causes a drastic change in daily trading. Even the International Monetary Fund (IMF) fears that cryptocurrencies will displace central banks and international banking in the near future. After 2030, regular trade will be dominated by the cryptographic supply chain, which will offer less friction and more economic value among technologically skilled buyers and sellers.

If cryptocurrency aspires to become an essential part of the existing financial system, it will have to meet very divergent financial, regulatory and social criteria. It must be pirate-proof, easy to consume, and heavily protected to offer its fundamental benefit to the main monetary system. It must preserve the anonymity of users without being a channel of money laundering, tax evasion and internet fraud. Because they are essential for the digital system, it will take a few more years to understand whether the cryptocurrency will be able to compete with the expanding real world currency. While this is likely to happen, the success (or lack thereof) of cryptocurrencies in meeting the challenges will determine the fortune of the monetary system in the coming days.