Bitcoin Cryptocurrency: Understanding the Basics


It has been more than a decade since cryptocurrency began to fascinate people through social media and, most importantly, the Internet. Bitcoin has been able to rank among the most important cryptocurrencies today, no one knows about the exact origin of the currency, but it appeared in mid-2008 related to a Japanese pseudonym “Satoshi Nakamoto”.
So what exactly is this Bitcoin currency and why has it been able to maintain its place in the financial markets. Well, the following reasons listed can give you an idea of ​​its popularity and a proof of its secure and continued future existence.

  • Bitcoin is the first decentralized digital currency.
  • Bitcoin is a floating independent currency that is not owned by any government or associated with any other currency to influence the value of economic indicators that regulate the value of traditional currencies.
  • With its growing popularity among the masses, it now enjoys a higher level of acceptability at all levels, for example, you can now buy things with Bitcoin cryptocurrency directly and also exchange them on different platforms like CoinBase, Bitfinex, Bitstamp , Kraken and more. .
  • All you need is a wallet and an internet connection to make a peer-to-peer Bitcoin transfer.
  • In most cases, transfers are instantaneous.
  • The convenience of making transactions over the internet or mobile phone with a couple of clicks.
  • Your privacy is secure compared to other payment methods over the Internet, where your vital information can be leaked and misused.
  • While transferring money using conventional methods, you must pay fees based on the volume of your transactions and more, these transfers are subject to your particular state and regional regulations. Although you make transactions in the cryptocurrency Bitcoin does not require you to be bound by any state regulations, and in addition, you do not incur high transaction costs.
  • Because you are the only one who has access to your e-wallet, your coins are always safe with you and no one can steal your money. The process and transactions are transparent due to the shared public record and anyone can verify a transaction at any time from anywhere in the world via the Internet.
  • Another advantage of having a Bitcoin cryptocurrency wallet is that your account cannot be frozen.

Given the growing popularity and acceptability of Bitcoin cryptocurrency, we can safely assume that the future of Bitcoin is not only secure, but quite bright and that this innovative payment method is here.



6 most common mistakes new Bitcoin traders make


Are you thinking of getting started in the world of cryptocurrency trading? If so, be sure to avoid the most common mistakes. It will be better than most crypto traders avoiding these mistakes. The interesting thing is that almost all traders make these mistakes without even realizing it. Without further ado, let’s check out the usual mistakes. Read on for more information.
airline tickets
1. Emotional decision making

Beginners tend to trade emotionally. But the fact is that trading has nothing to do with your emotions. In fact, if you make decisions based on your emotions, you will be headed for road failure.
search flight
2. Buy high and sell low

Another common mistake beginners make is to buy high and sell low. You don’t want to be greedy while doing this business. All you have to do is buy low and sell high. This is the only way to make money trading Bitcoin.
trivago hotels
3. Sell at the same time

Due to the two mistakes mentioned above, beginners buy or sell their bitcoins at the same time instead of buying them and gradually sell them in small quantities. If you ask an experienced trader, they will ask you to sell 20% of your Bitcoin profit with a 50% profit. But the problem is that new traders are too prepared to sell. So they have no money to buy casualties. Some sell all their bitcoins at once.
trip advisor flights
4. Buy wrong coins

The new trade buys cryptocurrencies that make many promises with big words. But they don’t know that these currencies don’t bring any technical innovation, like Litecoin, NEO, Tron and EOS, to name a few. The problem is that they are fairly centralized blockchains. Therefore, you may want to avoid them.
allegiant air tickets
5. Put the eggs in too many baskets

Due to the above error, beginners tend to invest in many cryptocurrencies. Not a good idea, as it can make it difficult for you to make a profit. Ideally, you may want to invest in 3 to 4 currencies. In the world of cryptocurrency, you can’t afford to put all your eggs in tons of baskets.
6. Put all the eggs in a basket

Another common mistake is to put all the eggs in the same basket. Ideally, you should have a well-diversified portfolio. Other than that, you may not want to deposit all your cryptocurrencies in the same wallet or exchange. All you have to do is use a minimum of three wallets. This will help you protect your investment.
cheap travel sites
In short, these are just some of the most common mistakes made by new cryptocurrency traders. If you follow these steps, you are less likely to make these mistakes. As a result, your investment will be safer and you are more likely to make a profit instead of a loss. Hopefully, these tips will help you get started as a new trader and reap many benefits.
cheapest airline tickets possible


Digital currency: the technologist’s response to self-employment


Digital currency, commonly known as “cryptocurrency”, is a type of money that only exists in electronic format. It is a series of data using a technology known as Block Chain, which acts as a ledger and keeps track of what the cryptocurrency has been used for. Similar to currencies or paper money, digital currency is stored in a digital wallet and can be used as a traditional method for buyers and sellers to pay for the exchange of goods and / or services.
priceline flights
The transfer of ownership of a digital currency is maintained as a record in the blockchain, which can be tracked from user to user. There are obvious advantages to monitoring the activity of any currency, the most important advantages being the proof of ownership and the prevention and mitigation of fraud.
cheapest airline tickets possible
The recent growth in popularity of Cryptocurrency has ushered in a new era of wealth in the technology industry. Although traditional means of generating income or accumulating wealth often involve exchanging a product or service for money or compensation, digital currency is generated completely differently.
united airlines
Just as gold or silver is mined from the ground, Digital Currency uses “miners” to process thousands and thousands of calculations every minute, effectively digging through a mountain of digital rocks and dirt to locate what ends up being a complicated solution to mathematical problem.
hotels flights
Until recently, the ability of a technologist to generate a salary was based on creating digital applications or providing their technical skills to a company. However, with the birth of Cryptocurrency, a technologist (or even a novice user with some basic computer programming skills) can evade basic occupation and participate directly in the production of this new currency by creating of a group of ultra-powerful computers whose only goal is “my” cryptocurrency.
spirit airlines reservations
The corporate world depends heavily on the skills and abilities of IT and IT professionals. However, as the popularity of virtual money continues to grow and become increasingly popular, combined with the natural skills possessed by even some of the most basic computer programmers, the corporate world may begin to see cryptocurrency as a threat.
delat air
for its commercial operations. Compared to the response to a head of a technology company, the exploitation of digital currency can be a very attractive job opportunity and therefore lead to the potential of a shortage of skilled computer programmers in the technology industry.
cheapest airline tickets


6 advantages of investing in cryptocurrencies


The birth of bitcoin in 2009 opened doors to investment opportunities in a whole new type of asset class: cryptocurrency. Many entered space early.
airline tickets best price
Intrigued by the immense potential of these fledgling but promising assets, they bought crypts at affordable prices. As a result, the 2017 bullfight turned them into millionaires / billionaires. Even those who did not participate much got decent profits.
vacation packages all inclusive
Three years later, cryptocurrencies are still profitable and the market is here to stay. You may already be an investor / trader or thinking about trying your luck. In both cases, it makes sense to know the benefits of investing in cryptocurrencies.
southwest airlines flight status
Cryptocurrency has a bright future

According to a report entitled Imagine 2030, published by Deutsche Bank, credit and debit cards will become obsolete. Smartphones and other electronic devices will replace them.
continental airlines
Cryptocurrencies will no longer be seen as marginalized, but as alternatives to existing monetary systems. Its advantages such as security, speed, minimum transaction rates, ease of storage and relevance to the digital age will be recognized.
frontier air
Specific regulatory guidelines would popularize cryptocurrencies and increase their adoption. The report predicts that there will be 200 million cryptocurrency wallet users by 2030 and nearly 350 million by 2035.

Opportunity to be part of a growing community
porter airline tickets
#IndiaWantsCrypto by WazirX the campaign has recently ended 600 days. It has become a massive movement that supports the adoption of cryptocurrencies and blockchain in India.

In addition, the recent Supreme Court ruling overturning RBI’s ban on cryptocurrency banking from 2018 instilled a new rush of confidence among Indian bitcoins and cryptocurrencies investors.

The Edelman Trust 2020 Barometer Report also notes people’s growing faith in cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology. According to the findings, 73% of Indians rely on cryptocurrencies and blockchain technology. 60% say the impact of cryptocurrency / blockchain will be positive.

By being a cryptocurrency investor, you will be part of a thriving and fast-growing community.

Increased profit potential

Diversification is an essential rule of investment. Especially during these times when most assets have suffered heavy losses due to the economic difficulties caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Although investment in bitcoin has yielded a 26% return since the beginning of the year so far, gold has returned 16%. Many other cryptocurrencies have recorded a three-digit ROI. Stock markets, as we all know, have performed sadly. The price of crude fell sharply below 0 during the month of April.

Including bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency in your portfolio would protect the value of your fund in such uncertain global market situations. This fact was also impressed by billionaire macro hedge fund manager Paul Tudor Jones when a month ago he announced his plans to invest in Bitcoin.

Cryptocurrency markets operate on 24X7X365

Unlike regular markets, cryptocurrency markets operate throughout the day, every day of the year without fatigue. This is because digital currency systems are essentially designed using fragments of software code that are protected by cryptography.

The operational plan does not involve human interference. Therefore, you can trade cryptographically or invest in digital assets whenever you want. This is a great advantage. Thus, cryptocurrency markets are very efficient.

For example, Bitcoin has successfully processed transactions with 99.98% uptime since its inception in 2009.

Tweet: https://twitter.com/fernandoulrich/status/1185368277557620736

No documentation or formality is required

You can invest in bitcoin or any other cryptocurrency anywhere, anytime without unnecessary terms and conditions.

Unlike conventional investment options, where an absurdly high amount of documentation is required to prove yourself an “accredited investor,” cryptoinvestment is free for everyone. In fact, this was the intended goal behind the creation of cryptocurrencies. The democratization of finance / money.

To buy any cryptocurrency WazirX, you must open an account for which you only need to provide some basic information, including your bank account information. Once verified, in a few hours, you will be fine.

Sole property in investments

By purchasing bitcoins or any other cryptocurrency, you become the sole owner of that particular digital resource. The transaction takes place in a peer-to-peer agreement.

Unlike bonds, mutual funds, stockbrokers, no third party “manages your investment” for you. Name the buying and selling traits whenever you want.

User autonomy is the biggest advantage of cryptocurrency systems that it provides incredible opportunities to invest and build a corpus in your core capital “independently”.

These were some of the advantages of investing in cryptocurrencies. We hope you find them useful and compelling enough to start your investment journey in cryptography.


How does the cryptocurrency win?


Cryptocurrencies are the latest “big” in the digital world and have now been recognized as part of the monetary system. In fact, enthusiasts have labeled it the “money revolution.”

In clear terms, cryptocurrencies are decentralized digital assets that can be exchanged between users without the need for a central authority, most of which are created using special computing techniques called “mining”.

The acceptance of currencies, such as the US dollar, the British pound and the euro, as legal tender is due to the fact that they have been issued by a central bank; digital currencies, however, like cryptocurrencies, do not depend on public confidence in the issuer. As such, several factors determine its value.

Factors that determine the value of cryptocurrencies

Principles of free market economy (mainly supply and demand)

Supply and demand are the main determinants of the value of anything of value, including cryptocurrencies. This is because if more people are willing to buy one cryptocurrency and others are willing to sell, the price of that particular cryptocurrency will increase and vice versa.

Mass adoption

The massive adoption of any cryptocurrency can shoot its price to the moon. This is because many cryptocurrencies have a limited supply limit and, according to economic principles, an increase in demand without a corresponding increase in supply will lead to an increase in the price of this particular product.

Several cryptocurrencies have invested more resources to ensure their mass adoption, some focus on the applicability of their cryptocurrency to urgent personal life problems, as well as crucial daily cases, with the intention of making them indispensable in life. daily.

Fiat Inflation

If a fiat currency, such as the USD or GBP, inflates, its price increases and its purchasing power decreases. Then this will cause cryptocurrencies (let’s use Bitcoin as an example) to increase relative to that fiat. The result is that you will be able to purchase more of this fiat with each bitcoin. In fact, this situation has been one of the main reasons for the rise in Bitcoin prices.

History of scams and cyber attacks

Scams and hackers are also basic factors that affect the value of cryptocurrencies, as they are known to cause wild changes in valuations. In some cases, scammers may be the team that supports a cryptocurrency; they will bomb the price of the cryptocurrency to attract unsuspecting individuals and, when their much-earned money is invested, scammers reduce it, which then disappears without a trace.

Therefore, it is imperative to be wary of cryptocurrency scams before investing your money.

Some other factors to consider, which have an impact on the value of cryptocurrencies, are:

  • How the cryptocurrency is stored, as well as its usefulness, security, ease of acquisition and cross-border acceptability

  • Strength of the community that supports cryptocurrency (this includes funding, innovation and loyalty of its members)

  • Low associated risks of cryptocurrency perceived by investors and users

  • Feeling news

  • Market liquidity and cryptocurrency volatility

  • Country rules (includes a ban on cryptocurrency and ICOs in China and their acceptance as legal tender in Japan)


Why should you exchange cryptocurrencies?


The modern concept of cryptocurrency is becoming very popular among traders. A revolutionary concept introduced to the world by Satoshi Nakamoto as a by-product became a success. The decoding of cryptocurrency we understand that cryptography is a hidden thing and currency is a means of exchange. It is a form of currency that is used in the blockchain created and stored. This is done using encryption techniques in order to control the creation and verification of the traded currency. Bit coin was the first cryptocurrency to exist.

Cryptocurrency is just one part of the process of a virtual database running in the virtual world. The identity of the real person here cannot be determined. In addition, there is no centralized authority governing the cryptocurrency trade. This currency is equivalent to the hard gold retained by people and whose value is supposed to increase in steps and turns. The electronic system established by Satoshi is decentralized, where only miners have the right to make changes by confirming the transactions initiated. They are the only providers of human touch in the system.

It is not possible to counterfeit digital currency as the whole system is based on hard core math and cryptographic puzzles. Only those people who are able to solve these puzzles can make changes to the database almost impossible. Once the transaction is confirmed, it becomes part of the database or blockchain, which cannot be reversed.

Cryptocurrency is nothing more than digital money that is created with the help of encryption technique. It is based on the peer-to-peer control system. We now understand how you can benefit by trading in this market.

It cannot be reversed or forged: Although many people can refute this that the transactions made are irreversible, but the best thing about cryptocurrencies is that once the transaction is confirmed. A new block is added to the block chain and the transaction cannot be faked. Become the owner of this blog.

Online transactions: This not only makes it suitable for making transactions to anyone sitting anywhere in the world, but also facilitates the speed with which the transaction is processed. Compared to real-time, where you need third parties to enter the picture to buy a house or gold or take out a loan, you only need a computer and a potential buyer or seller in case of cryptocurrency. This concept is easy, fast and full of ROI prospects.

The commission is low per transaction: There is a low or zero fee charged by miners during transactions, as the network takes care of it.

Accessibility: The concept is so practical that all those people who have access to smartphones and laptops can access and trade in the cryptocurrency market anytime, anywhere. This accessibility makes it even more lucrative. Because the ROI is commendable, many countries like Kenya have introduced the M-Pesa system that allows bit currency devices that now allow 1 in three Kenyans to have a small portfolio of coins with them.


The multilayer cryptocurrency


Questions have arisen about whether Bitcoin becomes a multilayer system. Well, the answer is yes. This article wants to outline the various layers on which Bitcoin is located. It’s all yours!

Have you heard of those who refer to bitcoin as digital gold? It is clear that cryptocurrency is rapidly gaining popularity and acceptance in the world of cryptography. It is estimated that the value of the currency will increase further. However, it is also noted that the currency can gain or lose 50% of its value overnight. This provokes speculation among investors, but the currency is nonetheless a “digital gold”. And to the question of whether bitcoin is a multilayer system, one must know that bitcoin exists in two main layers. They are the mines and the semantic layers.

The mining layer

This is the layer in which the coin is created. In addition to bitcoins, ether is also created in this layer. After the coins are created, valid blocks of bitcoins are transferred to the ledger. This is where currency generation takes place. It should be noted that currency is generated from transactions contained in bitcoin blocks. Blogs are known as transaction fees. Currency can also be generated from the network itself or it can be said “from the air”. The main advantage of generating money from the net is that it provides incentives to miners.

The semantic layer

This provides a very important platform. The semantic layer is the layer in which bitcoins are used as a means of payment. It also provides a platform for bitcoins to be used as a reserve value. The layer looks very important, right? Bitcoin currency holders sign valid transactions that indicate the start of the transfer of bitcoins between the nodes of the semantic layer. The transfer can also be done through the creation of smart contracts. Smart contracts transfer currencies between different accounts.

The lightning network

You’ve probably not heard of the lightning network. This is the latest invention that the bitcoin community has launched. This layer will have the ability to run on top of Bitcoin. With this invention, will come an application layer that is added to bitcoin. It will be so exciting. The most interesting aspect is that its value can also be used to make payments. This will be possible by transporting its value between people. With the invention of the lightning network, bitcoin will become a transport layer and an application layer.

To date, the value of bitcoin is estimated at about US $ 9 billion. It was also known that bitcoin is a decentralized cryptocurrency. This means that it works without the control of a bank or an administrator. Bitcoin is surely taking over the crypto world.

It is also important that the technology used during bitcoin mining is called blockchain technology. It works by allowing the distribution of digital information and not copying. Crypts are really an exciting topic and in the near future bitcoins could outperform our major currencies.


The Wild West cryptographic show continues


Here’s a question that often comes up: how do I choose which cryptocurrency to invest in, aren’t they all the same?

There is no doubt that Bitcoin has captured most of the cryptocurrency (CC) market, and this is largely due to its FAME. This phenomenon is very similar to what happens in national politics around the world, where a candidate captures the majority of votes based on FAME, rather than any demonstrated skill or qualification to govern a nation. Bitcoin is the pioneer in this market space and continues to gain almost all market holders. This FAME is not meant to be perfect for the job, and it is well known that Bitcoin has limitations and problems that need to be solved, but there is disagreement in the Bitcoin world about how best to solve the problems. As problems are diluted, there is an ongoing opportunity for developers to launch new currencies that address specific situations and therefore stand out from the approximately 1,300 other currencies in this market space. Let’s look at two Bitcoin rivals and explore how they differ from Bitcoin and each other:

Ethereum (ETH) – The Ethereum currency is known as ETHER. The main difference with Bitcoin is that Ethereum uses “smart contracts”, which are accountable objects in the Ethereum blockchain. Smart contracts are defined by their creators and can interact with other contracts, make decisions, store data, and send ETHER to others. The execution and services they offer are provided by the Ethereum network, all beyond what Bitcoin or any other blockchain network can do. Smart contracts can act as your standalone agent, following your instructions and rules for spending money and initiating other transactions on the Ethereum network.

Ripple (XRP) – This currency and the Ripple network also have unique features that make it much more than a simple digital currency like Bitcoin. Ripple has developed the Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTXP), a powerful financial tool that allows Ripple network exchanges to transfer funds quickly and efficiently. The basic idea is to place money on “gateways” where only those who know the password can unlock the funds. For financial institutions, this opens up huge possibilities, as it simplifies cross-border payments, reduces costs and provides transparency and security. All this is done with a smart and creative use of blockchain technology.

Conventional media cover this market with breaking news almost every day, however, their stories have little depth … they are mostly dramatic headlines.

The Wild West show continues …

5-action blockchain cryptography / block selections increase on average 109% since 11/17 December. Wild swings continue with daily twists. Yesterday we had South Korea and China the latest developments in trying to bring down the cryptocurrency boom.

On Thursday, South Korean Justice Minister Park Sang-ki sent global bitcoin prices plummeting and virtual currency markets in turmoil when regulators were told they were preparing legislation to ban trade in cryptocurrencies. Later that day, South Korea’s Ministry of Strategy and Finance, one of the leading member bodies of the South Korean government’s cryptocurrency regulation working group, came out and said its department does not agree with the premature declaration of the Ministry of Justice on a possible ban on cryptocurrency trading.

While the South Korean government says the cryptocurrency trade is nothing more than gambling, and is concerned that the industry will leave many citizens in the poor house, their real concern is the loss of tax revenue. This is the same concern that every government has.

China has become one of the world’s largest sources of cryptocurrency mining, but it is now rumored that the government is studying the regulation of the electricity used by mining computers. More than 80% of the electricity to exploit Bitcoin today comes from China. By closing the miners, the government will make it difficult for Bitcoin users to check transactions. Mining operations will be relocated to other places, but China is particularly attractive due to the very low costs of electricity and land. If China continues with this threat, there will be a temporary loss of mining capacity, which would cause Bitcoin users to see longer timers and higher costs for verifying transactions.

This wild journey will continue and, like the internet boom, we will see some big winners and finally some big losers. Also, similarly to the Internet boom, or the uranium boom, those who arrive early will thrive, while mass investors always show up at the end and buy at the top.

Stay tuned!


Guide to successful trading of major cryptocurrencies


The cryptocurrency trade has taken the world by storm and this is what has become the norm for most traders and investors. If you are interested enough in doing your research before entering the trade, you have the opportunity to enjoy real growth and profits in the end. The worst thing you can do when it comes to this type of negotiation is to do it blindly simply because it is what everyone else does. A little research on the major currencies and delving into the basics of buying and trading can make a big difference. Here are some guidelines that will help you succeed in your business.

Take the time to understand how the blockchain works

Blockchain technology has redefined transactions and is changing everything. Blockchain can be defined as a list of records that continually grow into cryptographically protected and linked blocks. Blockchains are resistant to data modification and serve as a record of public transactions between the parties. The transparent and decentralized nature of the blockchain makes it very secure and, in the world of hacking, it is really functional and reliable. Solves manipulation problems that have become so evident in today’s world. While no one can claim to understand everything blockchain is, learning a few basics will provide you with a much easier time with your trade.

Get to know and learn the main currencies

The virtual currency space is getting crowded thanks to the popularity of currencies. The fact is that there are currently more than 100 cryptocurrencies, which means you need to know which are the most popular and popular, so you can choose your purchase and sale correctly considering the profitability. Bitcoin accounts for half of the entire market with the highest volume, but Litecoin and Ethereum are also the best and give Bitcoin a run for its money. Find out as much as you can about the currency that interests you. The more you know, the better you will be in decision making; in fact, you can manage to operate more than one cryptocurrency without any challenge.

Be aware of the inherent risks

Bitcoin and other currencies are quite volatile, even when comparing the stock market and gold. Remember that it is still a technology in its early days and it has many challenges. The odds of benefits are quite high, but so are the risks. Public sentiment about a currency can affect its prices. What goes up is sure to go down, so be careful with the business moves you make. The greater the risks, the greater the benefits, but be prepared for losses as well. The best thing you can do is choose the cryptocurrency you want to watch for events that can affect prices and act quickly.

Once you know everything that matters in the cryptocurrency trade, you can continue to open a brokerage account and fund it, to start buying and selling currencies. The rewards are numerous for enthusiastic traders.


Is it time to review cryptocurrencies?


At the time of writing, Bitcoin was approaching a new high of $ 20,000 per dollar. What has changed since the last time this maximum was reached?

Covid Crazy

The situation at Covid19 has changed the way people do things. Technology has put itself at the forefront of everyday life. Things that used to be physically done are being introduced to the virtual world: schooling, eating in restaurants, entertainment, work, and the purchase of many goods and services. The natural fit for this type of agenda is the use of cryptocurrencies. Because? They are an extension of the technologically driven world. They can also be used to compete with the existing financial system at a potentially lower cost.


The last time Bitcoin hit a record high, many institutions demonized cryptocurrencies as payment methods used by criminals for terrorism, money laundering and illicit drug sales. Right now, Mastercard and Visa are linking cryptocurrencies to their credit cards and Paypal agrees to have Bitcoin used on their platform. Many governments talk about issuing cryptocurrency versions of their traditional currencies. There was also a Facebook push associated with major banks and other institutions to issue a cryptocurrency called Libra that didn’t go very far, but the intention is there. Cryptocurrencies are no longer for criminals, unless the aforementioned institutions commit crimes.


The key to any technology is mass or widespread adoption. The more people use something, the more demand there will be for its use and the more important it will be. With widespread adoption, systems that work in conjunction with the product are also beginning to change. Take Apple’s iPod, Microsoft Windows, ISPs, and electric cars as examples. With the new demand will come new industries and tyrannical products that would not be very useful without the adoption of the original product.

Vulnerability of traditional investments

Due to the Covid scenario and the developing depression, investing in stocks and bonds is becoming quite expensive and carries a higher risk, as the underlying economy is disconnected from the performance of these markets. . The high level of debt makes real estate investing riskier than in the past, as well as the volatility of rental income and the ability of people to pay their mortgages. Cash is a safe haven, but rising inflation and debt prospects mean cash is also at risk. The concept of diversification means that these investments must be maintained to some extent, but now there is a longing for an asset that complements these products. This new asset is cryptocurrencies. This product diversifies excessive debt, currency degradation and high inflation.